Improving Academic Outcomes Using the Responsive Classroom Approach
The most recent National Assessment of Educational Progress (often referred to as The Nation’s Report Card) was recently released. The results made clear that today’s students are struggling with both reading and math, as there were noticeable declines in both subjects compared to previous report cards.
How Social and Emotional Learning Impacts Academics
Because of these concerning results, schools across the country are most likely feeling pressure to prioritize direct academic instruction over other modes of learning to help students catch up. But research shows that cutting other programming in favor of an exclusive focus on academics is the wrong approach. In fact, multiple studies indicate that making time in the school day for students to learn and practice social and emotional (SEL) skills leads to an increase in academic gains! Among others:
- A 2011 meta-analysis by the Collaborative for Academic, Social, and Emotional Learning (CASEL) found that “SEL participants demonstrated significantly improved social and emotional skills, attitudes, behavior, and academic performance that reflected an 11-percentile-point gain in achievement.”
- A study of Responsive Classroom practices conducted by researchers at the University of Virginia’s Curry School of Education from 2008 to 2011 found that “teachers’ use of Responsive Classroom practices predicts gains in student math and reading achievement.”
Below are a number of Responsive Classroom practices and strategies that you can use to help your students improve their academic skills (math and reading included).
Morning Meeting and Responsive Advisory Meeting
Morning Meeting (for elementary school) and Responsive Advisory Meeting (for middle school) are ideal practices for highlighting academic content in a way that is active and interactive, leading to joyful and energetic learning. Making learning fun and engaging during these gathering times encourages students to be intrinsically motivated to learn.
- Check out “Highlighting Academics With Belonging, Significance, and Fun” for specific strategies you can use to highlight academics during Morning Meeting or Responsive Advisory Meeting.
- Find the directions for two Morning Meeting group activities that reinforce academic skills in “Group Activities That Promote Academic Skills.”
- For more on how Morning Meeting or Responsive Advisory Meeting can support academics, check out the tips at the bottom of “Academic Engagement in the Homestretch.”
- For Morning Meeting lesson plans you can use to teach specific subjects, browse our Doing Academics in Morning Meeting book series: Doing Math in Morning Meeting, Doing Language Arts in Morning Meeting, Doing Science in Morning Meeting, and Doing Social Studies in Morning Meeting.
Interactive Learning Structures
Interactive learning structures create opportunities for students to interact with each other around academic content; this collaborative engagement helps students deepen their engagement with academic content. These structures offer students the chance to move around the classroom, reflect on their learning, and practice important communication skills. They can be paired effectively with any academic content at any level from kindergarten to eighth grade.
- For tips on implementation and directions for a couple of popular interactive learning structures, read “Deepen Student Connections With Interactive Learning Structures.”
- The “Get Collaborative” section of “Academic Engagement in the Homestretch” offers some helpful advice on ways you can use interactive learning structures to make collaboration dynamic for students throughout the year.
- You can also find many interactive learning structures in our books The Joyful Classroom: Practical Ways to Engage and Challenge Elementary Students and Middle School Motivators! 22 Interactive Learning Structures.
Open-ended questions are questions you can pose to students that have no right or wrong answer. Their power lies in the fact that they prompt students to stretch their curiosity, reasoning ability, creativity, and independence. In doing so, they are practicing the very skills that extend their knowledge and understanding. Furthermore, they allow teachers and students to construct knowledge together, rather than the teacher being the sole expert.
- Check out “Training Minds One Question at a Time” for practical advice on how you can use open-ended questions in your classroom.
- More in-depth information on open-ended questions can be found in The Power of Our Words, The Power of Our Words for Middle School, and the Quick Coaching Guide Inspiring Curiosity and Wonder Through Questioning.
Incorporating movement activities such as energizers and brain breaks throughout the school day is a great way to let young learners recharge so that they can return to academic content refreshed. Energizers are a great way to get students moving, breathing deeply, laughing, thinking, and working together.
- Check out “Movement Activities That Help Learners of Every Age Refocus” for energizer directions that are developmentally appropriate for every age from four to fourteen.
- For an energizer you can use to help your students sharpen their literacy skills, check out “An Energizer With an Academic Twist.”
- See the “Keep Things Moving” section of “Academic Engagement in the Homestretch” for instructions on an energizer you can use to improve students’ spelling skills.
- For more resources to help you incorporate energizers in your school day, check out Energizers! K-6, the Quick Coaching Guide Lively Learning, and the forthcoming 50 More Energizers!: Purposeful Play That Leads to Learning.
Social and emotional skills can be taught and practiced in concert with academic content, making learning more active and interactive for students and leading to more intrinsically motivated learning. After all, when students want to learn, success inevitably follows.
Ted Powers is an editor for Responsive Classroom.