Belief that learning is cognitively constructed and relies on social, emotional, and cooperative processes. Belief that learning builds on prior knowledge, is facilitated through choice and through understanding of students’ context and interests, and becomes transferable to a new context when there is an emphasis on process as well as outcome. Belief that changes in the learner happen because of the learning experience.

In practice: When this belief is upheld, educators develop learning experiences that follow the natural learning cycle, enabling students to develop an understanding of the content and themselves as learners.   

Implementation Tip: 

Offer choice in how students learn or what they learn to meet a defined goal. Academic Choice offers a three-part structure to help teachers offer choice in everything from daily math lessons to long-term service learning projects. 

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